Genealogy ⇒ DNA, genetic genealogy and finding relatives
DNA, GENETIC GENEALOGY AND FINDING RELATIVES
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is the heredity material in our body.
Our DNA carries genetic information about each one of us and,
as such, information about our parents and our heritage.
It is the material that controls inheritance of eye color, hair color, stature, bone density and many other human traits.
Our body's cells contain a complete sample of our DNA. The DNA code, or genetic code as it is called, is passed through the
sperm and egg to the offspring. DNA testing, as it would relate to this website, is conducted in the areas of tracing ancestry
as well as finding and proving relationships.
Women carry only mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). This has been passed down, generation by generation, from a female ancestor
who lived thousands of years ago to a woman living today. It passes from a mother to a daughter in a direct bloodline.
For example, if a mother has four daughters, all daughters will have the same mtDNA as their mother, their maternal grandmother,
and her mother, etc.
Obviously, the genetics of a man differ from a woman. Men carry the Y-DNA chromosome which is passed down through generations
from a father to his sons. All sons have the same type as their father. Sons also carry the mtDNA of their mother and her female
line. They do not carry the mtDNA of their father’s mother. Only their father (and his brothers) would carry the mtDNA of the
Tracing one’s ancestry through DNA testing is not a scientific research project. It is an absolute way of proving relationships
and ancestry. So, if you meet person with the same last name as yours who shares a very similar ancestry, you can learn if the
person is related to you through this type of testing - even though the connection may be several generations back on your
Companies in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere, perform DNA testing.
On a company’s websites, a person who has had
DNA 'tested' or 'coded' can voluntarily join a DNA 'project'. A DNA project is the collection of the data of project members
who compare their DNA results to see if they are related. There is no formality to these projects other than sharing one’s
DNA results with other members. If your results match those of another member (or suspected relative), you can contact the
person by e-mail or letter to compare family trees.
Testing for genetic genealogy is performed by sending cheek swabs to a specific laboratory for analysis. It is quite simple
to do. The testing kits can be ordered from various genetic laboratories found on the internet. Costs start around $150
Following are our family’s DNA results connected to Ober-Metzenseifen:
Female: Full-sequence mtDNA haplogroup result is: J1b1a
The eldest female ancestor traced back to is
CATHARINA SCHURGER born in Ober-Metzenseifen around 1764.
Male: Y-DNA 67-marker result is: R1a1a He is of the Moenich / Monich / Munich line, also of Ober-Metzenseifen.
If you can trace back to either name, contact the Webmaster
of this site who will put us in touch.